Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions (the author's opinion) and actual research findings (derived from empirical evidence). Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist (based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study). These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which plan studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area.
Be consistent in how you record notes. Define key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these differences). Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful"s that you may want to include in your review. Important : If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the" when you write your review (as direct"s must always be accompanied by page references). To ensure that you have"d accurately (and to save time in note taking if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer "edit - copy - paste" functions. Note: although you may collect a large number of"s during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use"s very sparingly. The rule i follow is to" only when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that i am making. Note emphases, strengths weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths.
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Import your references into your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases). You can also enter references manually into refWorks if you need. Step 4: Analyze the literature, once new you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: overview the articles : skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into refWorks in the box for User. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later.
Group the articles into categories (e.g. Into topics and subtopics and chronologically within each subtopic). Once again, it's useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record. You can record the topics in the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to place this article. Take notes : Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a word Processor, or a concept mapping program like inspiration ( free 30 trial download a data base program (e.g. Access or File maker Pro in an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards.
Step 1: review apa guidelines, read through the links provided below on apa guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in apa style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g. Font, margins, spacing title page, abstract, body, text citations,"tions. Step 2: Decide on a topic. It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final. Project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project. However, you may pick any scholarly topic.
Step 3: Identify the literature that you will review : Familiarize yourself with online databases (see umd library resource links below for help with this identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using google Scholar and also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the furl accounts of other Furl members). Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the topic that you are reviewing is too broad. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001). It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. As part of your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for your study.
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In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by galvan. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature thank and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, i also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these. Write a literature review: University of California, santa Cruz university library). Information Fluency - literature review: Washington lee university, how to do a literature review? North Carolina a t state University. Selected Links to resources on Writing a literature review.
Glendale, ca: Pyrczak publishing. What is a literature review? A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed. While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. It focuses essay on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). Step-by-step guide, these guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006). Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review.
a literature review "How to" guideline series is coordinated by helen Mongan-Rallis of the Education Department at the University of Minnesota duluth. If you have any questions, comments, or suggestions to improve these guidelines please me at e-mail. Last updated: April 19, 2018. Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have"d directly some of the the steps from: Galvan,. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd.).
The format of the literature review may vary from discipline to discipline, and from assignment to assignment, but the purpose is standard: critical analysis of a wallpaper body of knowledge through summation and comparison. The literature review provides the historical background for your research; describes issues, debates, theories, concepts and related research in the field; and shows how your research will extend these or address a gap. Example of a literature review at the beginning of an article: Forbes,. Prevalence and correlates of strength exercise among breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors. Oncology nursing Forum, 42(2 118. Retrieved from Example of a comprehensive review of the literature: Wilson,. An exploration of bullying behaviours in nursing: a review of the literature. British journal Of Nursing, 25 (6 303-306.
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Literature review: A literature review gives an overview of the field of inquiry: what has already been said on the topic, who the key writers are, what the prevailing theories and thank hypotheses are, what questions are being asked, and what methodologies and methods are appropriate. A critical literature review shows how prevailing ideas fit into your own thesis, and how your thesis agrees or differs from them. Systematic review: A systematic review is a type of literature review that attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a given research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit methods aimed at minimizing bias, in order to produce more reliable findings that can be used to inform decision making. The literature review is a summary of previous research on a topic. . The literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular area of research or interest. . Within the review the author provides a description, summary and critical evaluation of each source,. The strengths and weaknesses. The literature review may also identify gaps or controversies in the literature and topics needing further research.