Use rhetorical devices such as rhetorical questions, 'list of three repetition, etc. To increase the persuasive power of your argument. Interesting, original and appealing organised to be progressively convincing reasonable easy to follow thoughtful and considerate argued froassionate position subtle and sophisticated here is a small section of the mark scheme the examiners from a major examining board use when they award a grade. Plan planning: put simply, you writing will lose marks if your argument fails to have an effective structure. So a clear plan is essential to an effective written argument. The examiner's mark schedule states that your argument needs to show evidence of being consciously shaped. Decide on the most likely effective style - should you use standard English (probably.
This gains many extra marks. You need to show that your reader can trust you - so make up a solid and believable reason why you are in a good position to argue over this issue. An effective way of convincing someone that you are reasonable is to find the common ground that exists between you. This is an outcome that is common to you both - an end-point you both desire. Having acknowledged this, you then proceed by showing how your way to this goal is the best way. A solid way to seem reasonable is to acknowledge the main opposing evernote view(s) - but to show subtly how your view is more reasonable. Using an interesting - but entirely reasonable and realistic - anecdote to illustrate your main point can be very compelling and powerful,. 'let me tell you about a friend of mine.
Logic and reason win arguments - but be passionate about your views avoid sounding superior, condescending or impolite. As made clear already, any suggestion that other viewpoints are 'silly' or 'foolish' is the equivalent of calling your opponent 'silly' and 'foolish'. Try switching roles - which points would convince you? Showing understanding of form and conventions you may be asked to write in the form of an essay, a formal or informal letter, a newspaper or magazine article, a school newsletter, a speech, and. Make sure you know the genre conventions that apply to each of these. Using effective argumentative techniques Remember that because the other view is reasonably held, you will only win through sensible reasoning, logic and evidence. The key to a successful argument is to plan well, making sure you release your various points in a progressively convincing order. Try to show that you have planned or, as the examiner's put it: ' consciously shaped your response '.
Write a more effective argument - englishbiz
Show you understand the brill genre conventions of the form - that is, the format - in which you are asked to write (e.g. An article, a letter, a speech, etc.). Find common ground - an endpoint upon which all would agree. Show consideration of but counter with politeness and tact your opponent's views. Use effective argumentative techniques - that is, use rhetorical devices.
Ensure your views unfold logically and persuasively - that is, create a logical structure for your argument. Showing understanding of opposing views It's crucial to find some common ground that exists between you - there will always be something worthwhile on which both you and your opponents agree. Think hard about the views your opponents hold and why they hold such views - and always recognise and show that they see that this is a fair view to hold (but not the best view. Which is your own). Be tactful - never show disrespect for another's point of view. Sound sincere - give your writing an authentic feel. Sound interested, knowledgeable, trustworthy and convincing.
Reason (which had the Greek name of logos - hence the modern word logic however, the two recognised that 'ideal' things must always remain just that - ideas, and that human weakness would always mean that two further argument techniques would be brought into use. The first of these is an appeal to character (which they called ethos - hence our term ethical ) and the second? An appeal to the emotions (which they called pathos - a word we now use to suggest the power to stir sad emotions). Logos the appeal to reason most people believe themselves to be reasonable, so appealing to a person's sense of reason is likely to be the most effective means of convincing them to change their way of thinking If we don't do this. Ethos the appeal to character people tend to share many commonly held ideas of what is just and fair - as well as what it means to be just and fair!
By demonstrating your own, or appealing your opponent's sense of what is right and fair, you will create quite a powerful persuasive device,. ' like you, i too feel a sense of horror and repulsion at what is happening here but.'. Pathos the appeal to emotion it is said that when emotion comes in through the door, reason departs via the window so use emotional pleas with care but, persuasion does often succeed by the careful and considered use of emotion - especially showing how passionate. Writing an effective argument. An argument should set out to answer the question 'Why?' for your viewpoint as well as show awareness and understanding of your opponent's views. The secrets of success?
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Well, you don't need that immediate answer, so a well-reasoned argument composed of a series of well thought out and oliver well-supported points is likely to win the dissertation day. The pressure is on in the first case, but not in the second. A little history will help. Argument and the ancient art of 'rhetoric' the art of argument and persuasion is as old as the hills. Or rather, as old as the ancient Greek hills. The Greeks were famous for their teaching and learning as well as their arguing and persuasion. They called the art of using language persuasively rhetoric and, still today, any use of language that makes it seem more powerful is called rhetorical language. Two of the world's most famous 'rhetoricians' were Aristotle (the student of the famous teacher and philosopher Plato) and another Roman teacher called Cicero. Classical rhetoric if Aristotle and Cicero were writing this web page, they would be telling you that the ideal form of argument was through the use of one thing and one thing alone.
They're planning a visit to Great Aunt Bertha and know how much she'd love to see how you've grown since your last visit. Persuading your mum to say yes to the party is your determined goal - because Friday is the deadline and you need an answer now. How to go about it? First, a little calm reasoning everyone from school will be there, mum. It's a social occasion resume and it'll help me make more friends.' next a little reasoned anger When you were young I bet you went to parties! and finally, a passionate plea oh, do please try to see it from my position, mum. I can't turn up on Monday the only kid in the class who didn't go! Now if instead of the above, you had been asked to write an article in the school magazine to present a case for a return of end-of-year school disco.
concerns an issue about which people, quite reasonably, hold different views. This suggests that other views are not necessarily wrong - just different. During the process of presenting your argument, therefore, it is reasonable that you should show that you recognise that opposing views exist, not only to hint at what a fair-minded person you are, but to give you the opportunity to counter these views tactfully. Persuasion has a more single-minded goal. It is based on a personal conviction that a particular way of thinking is the only sensible way to think. Consider this typical scene in a teenager's life. The party is on Friday. And, naturally, you really want to go but your parents have other ideas.
Importantly, whatever evidence you do use, it must be well considered and reasonable. Remember - whilst you might not agree with an opposing view, that doesn't make william it in any way foolish to hold. You will need to take great care indeed to avoid suggesting that those who hold different views are in any way foolish for doing. This is such an easy pitfall that catches out very many students. In large part, it is the degree of politeness and tact that you display when opposing other viewpoints that will win or lose your argument - and gain you the most marks! Argument or persuasion - what is the difference? 'Writing to argue' and 'writing to persuade ' both occur on school courses.
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Englishbiz - argument 2017 Steve campsall write a more effective argument, download free revision guides, the word argument brings to oliver mind an animated disagreement between two people, but for your English homework or exams, a written argument is very different. Writing to argue requires that you. Put forward a well-considered point of view, stated briefly; provide support for this view; create a sense of balance by referring to one or more other viewpoints; tactfully counter these. Your aim in this kind of writing is not necessarily to 'win' the argument; instead, it is to put forward evidence that is logical and well - considered and which acts to support your point of view and to counter the main alternative views. The evidence you provide must be both convincing and presented convincingly. The evidence needs to be convincing but, in an exam situation at least, it does not have to be factual,. You can 'make it up you are allowed to make up such things as expert opinions and statistical evidence to support your argument.