The fed controls the amount of money in the economy and helps to determine how high or low interest rates will. It creates rules for the banking resume industry to make sure that banks are safe places for people to keep their money. Foreclosure, a process in which homeowners lose their property because they have failed to make mortgage payments. Homeowners often borrow money from a bank to pay for their new home. They are expected to repay part of that money each month. If they fail to make the monthly payment, they might first receive a warning from the bank. When they miss many payments and have not worked out an agreement with the bank, the house might go into foreclosure. That means it becomes the property of the bank.
At the start of the depression, people panicked when they heard that the economy was failing. They rushed to the banks to withdraw their savings. In many cases, banks did not have enough money on hand to give the customers. The fdic was created in 1933 to protect bank customers from similar situations in the future. Often called "The fed" for short, the federal Reserve is America's central bank. But everyday people can't open an account there. The fed is a bank used only by other banks and by the federal government.
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In a healthy economy, demand for goods and services if high. Businesses flourish as they work to keep up with that demand. In a weak economy, demand is low and businesses suffer. Fdic (Federal Deposit Insurance corporation essay the government agency that insures bank deposits. Let's say a bank has 100 customers who each deposit 3,000. The bank is allowed to use a percentage of those deposits to make loans and conduct everyday business. But if all 100 customers want to withdraw all of their money at once, the bank must be able to produce the cash.
What happens if the bank does not have enough money on hand to do that? If the bank is insured by the fdic, the fdic will step in and make sure the customers get their money. In order to be insured by the fdic, a bank must show where that it is operating fairly and obeying all banking laws. Right now, the fdic insures every bank depositor for up to 250,000. The fdic has its roots in the Great Depression.
The most serious depression. History was the Great Depression. Great Depression " for details). Dow Jones Industrial average, an indicator of how the stock market is performing. It is based on the stocks of 30 well-known companies, including General Motors, McDonalds, microsoft, and Disney. When the value of these stocks goes up, the "Dow" goes up, too.
The dow Jones Industrial average goes up or down every day. Economy, the way a country manages its money and resources (such as workers and land) to produce, buy, and sell goods and services. Goods are products like cars, computers, or even corn. Services are duties performed by one person for another, such as teaching and transportation. The United States has a free-market economy. That means people can freely buy and trade goods and services. The price of each good or service is determined not by the government but by demand. Demand is a measure of how many people want to buy a particular good or service.
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National debt is a whopping 10 trillion! It is the highest national debt in the world. Owes about half of that money to shakespeare individuals, companies, and foreign governments who have bought bonds and other investments from the. (If you have a savings bond, then some of that debt is owed to you!) It owes the rest to itself. That's because the government sometimes spends money that it does not actually have. personal Debt : The amount of money an individual person owes. Depression, a long period during which the economy is poor and many people are without jobs. During an economic depression, spending way by consumers, businesses, and the government goes down significantly.
A person with a bad credit history will usually find it hard to get additional credit in the future. In the current economic crisis, credit is a big problem. Banks and stores were giving people a lot of credit. Now there bob is not as much money to loan out. Debt, money owed, usually as a result of borrowing. If someone borrows 18,000 to buy a new car, they have an 18,000 debt. There are two main kinds of debt: national Debt : The amount of money a country owes.
specific item, like a new house or car. Another type of credit is a credit card. When a person has a credit card, the bank or credit card company has agreed to lend that person a certain amount of money over time. The person can borrow small sums of money at a time by putting purchases on the credit card. In both types of credit, a person is expected to pay back a minimum amount each month. The person must also pay a fee called interest (see ". When a person makes payments on time, he or she has what is known as a good credit history.
Here's an example: Let's say a city needs to raise money to build a new bridge. It decides to sell ten-year bonds to the public to get the necessary cash. If you were buying one of those bonds, you would dream pay a price known as the face value. The city would promise to pay you back in ten years. Every year for ten years, the city would pay you interest on the bond. When the ten years were up, you would get back the face value you spent at the very beginning. Checking Account, a bank account where money is kept so the owner can write checks. A check is a piece of paper that tells a bank to pay the holder a certain amount of money. If your aunt gives you a check for 10 for your birthday, you would bring the check to bank to cash.
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By, karen Kellaher null null, resume null, photo: iStockphoto, bank. A financial institution that accepts deposits and withdrawals of money. There are two kinds of banks: commercial Bank : A traditional bank that provides services such as checking and savings accounts, credit cards, and home and auto loans. Investment Bank : A bank that specializes in services for companies rather than individuals. An investment bank sells and manages stocks and bonds. It also assists when two companies merge, or join together. Bonds, certificates sold by companies or governments in order to raise money. Bonds are issued for a specific amount of time. The government or company that sold the bond must pay interest to the buyer during that time.